Isfahan hammer copper pot ME-1003
Isfahan hammer copper pot ME-1003 is one of the most widely used products. Used for cooking rice, stew, etc. The taste and color of food in this pot is better. And is available in sizes of 4 or 6 people.
The art of coppersmithing
The art of coppersmithing is one of the most ancient and important handicrafts in Iran. It has long forced the need to use human utensils so that it does not meet its needs creatively. Copper dating in Iran dates back to 5000 years ago. Copper is the first metal discovered by humans. Copper making is more common in the cities of Yazd, Kashan, Isfahan, Kerman, Zanjan and Shiraz and many artists are working in these cities. One of the advantages of copper is that it is found in pure form and this makes it easy to use. It is said in the sources that even 9500 years before Christ, the use of copper metal was common. The interesting point is that The Iranians were among the first to smelt copper. It can also be stated that the first copper smelting furnace was found in Qazvin in Sagzabad city. Also, the peak of the flourishing period of this art in Iran was in the Seljuk period.
1- coppersmithing method in the past
The method of coppersmithing in ancient times was different from time. This method was such that the master first turned the copper into sheets. To do this, a furnace was used, that is, copper plants were placed inside the furnace, and when the copper became molten, this plant was taken out and poured into a special mold. Then they worked with a hammer to make the ingots from the kiln into sheets. As the metal cooled, it was no longer possible to continue working, so they reheated the copper, and this process continued until they reached the desired diameter and size, and produced the desired container and device.
1- coppersmithing method in the Present
With the passage of time and human progress in all walks of life, the nature of preparation and production of copper products has undergone changes and has made this process easier. It consumes less time and has higher accuracy and quality. At present, after the copper is taken out of the furnace and is in the form of ingots, the checking process is no longer performed. Instead, the copper ingot is cut under the wheel and turned into a copper sheet. Using these wheels, the desired size and thickness are obtained. Then, with the help of a lathe and other devices, they produce the desired container. .
Methods of recognizing the original copper
- Fine and regular hammering
- Having shiny tin inside the container
- It has elegance and detail
- Use of quality copper sheet
- Use thick copper sheet
- Engraving the manufacturer’s stamp on the produced container
Tools needed for coppersmithing
1- Copper sheets 2- Types of hammers: four-sided hammer, round-tailed hammer, chest hammer, floor hammer, narrow-tailed hammer, double-edged hammer, riveting hammer (hammer), wooden hammer and finally hand hammer 3- Large nails with head Narrow 4- Metal melting furnace 5- Tin metal 6- Soldering powder 7- Types of anvil: Flat anvil, Medium anvil, Nail bowl anvil, Half-anvil anvil, Revolving anvil
Roxy dishes are placed in copper containers that gradually lose their whiteness over time, for example, 1 or 2 years. For this reason, copper bleaching has been done from the past to the present. Whitening is done in markets and villages. There are Roghazin, Isfahan, Kerman, Mashhad, Tabriz and 3 orders of blacksmiths in the market and this bleaching is done there.
Accessories for copper bleaching
- Tail and oven
- Manual gas
Copper whitening methods at home
- Use a combination of vinegar, salt and flour
- Use lemon
- Lemon and salt
- Stain remover with baking soda and vinegar
- Lightening copper utensils with tomatoes
- Baking soda and lemon are suitable for cleaning copper utensils
- Boil copper in water, salt and vinegar
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