Role in Persian carpet

نقش در فرش ایرانی

One of the important factors used in Iranian carpet weaving and carpet is its design and role. These roles have undergone many changes over time. In the type of designs used, the type of geographical location, customs, culture and many factors It has an effect. The type of design in carpet weaving can turn it into an exquisite work of art. Carpets have always been present in all the houses of our people. Therefore, the type of design used in it is very important. Because the eye is fixed on it and the beauty and images of the caressing eye are mesmerizing. Below we refer to the types of patterns in Iranian carpets.

Die wichtigsten Rollen in iranischen Teppichen

Patterns of antiquities and Islamic buildings: Tiling is one of the unique Iranian arts that can be seen in mosques and historical places.

Shah Abbasi motifs: There is a type of flower in traditional design and gilding which is known as Shah Abbasi flower. In this type of motifs, Shah Abbasi flower is used and it is the basis and basis. Sometimes Shah Abbasi flower is only with Khatai periods and sometimes it is a combination with Islamic.

Role in Persian carpet
The role of Shah Abbasi in Persian carpet

Islamic patterns: One of the famous designs in the role of Iranian carpets is Islamic. Islamic is also widely used in the art of traditional design. Islami includes different types such as torpedo Islami, broken Islami, Islami Bandi, Eslami Lachak Toranj, Islami Mari and.. In the carpet design, the torpedo mouth is mostly used.

Frame patterns: The design and pattern in this carpet model is such that geometric and square shapes, rhombuses are included in it. And then inside these shapes, roles such as flowers, bushes, curtains, vases, etc. are drawn.

Adapted roles: There is another type of design that is adapted from Iran’s neighboring countries. The most famous designs in this category are Caucasian and Koblen design. Iranian designers have made changes in these roles.

Scattering patterns: One of the characteristics of this type of carpet is that the design is not symmetrical in it. That is, the design is spread all over the carpet. Unlike other types of designs, the components of the design are not continuous and are spaced apart. This type of design has been created since Safavid times and is woven in different regions. Toranji sprayer, bouquet sprayer, animal sprayer, khatai sprayer and… are all types of sprayer designs.

Patterns of idols: There is another type of carpet design that is also used in a country like India. Of course, idols come in different sizes. Used in both large and small sizes in carpet design. Among the types of Jaqeh shrubs, we can mention Jaqeh shrubs, Sarabandi shrubs, deer antler shrubs, Hasht Gol, Qalamkar shrubs of Isfahan, Taranja shrubs, Afshari shrubs, Sanandaj shrubs, etc., which are among the most famous types of shingles.

Tribal and nomadic roles: This type of design is the mental design of nomads. It is one of the most original designs in carpets. These roles are taken from nature and their place of residence. This type of role has no special order, but at the same time it is very beautiful and eye-catching.

Famous tribal and nomadic roles include Hibat Lu, Qashqai Bateh, Afshari, Khatouni, Ardabil, Mazlaghan, Khamseh, Saveh, Tafresh, Harris, Mehraban, Bakhtiari, Kurdi, Yelmeh, Ferdows, Salarkhani, Yaghoub Khani, Sang Choobi, Ali Mirzaei mentioned Jan Beigi, Joven, Musa Abad, Baluchistan, Saneh and Bouquet.

Integrated roles: This model of design and role has been invented from the integration and combination of designs. These designs are very beautiful and can be seen in carpets in many parts of Iran. There are different types of this type of role, which can be called: flexibility and flexion, fusion bouquet fusion, flower fusion fusion and geometric fusion. –

Contagious patterns: In the art of traditional design, the repetition of a pattern is called contagious or banding. Contagious is repeated throughout the carpet. He mentioned tree arrangement, shiroshkar or armband arrangement, house arrangement, grape cluster arrangement, Khatam Shirazi arrangement and bouquet arrangement.

Turkmen patterns: Turkmen carpets belong to sub-tribes and nomads. These patterns are drawn mentally. And belongs to the nomads. From the types of Turkmen roles, Yamoni frame Turkmen, shoulder Turkmen, deer eye Turkmen, Akhal Turkmen, Chaharqab Turkmen, Khorjini Turkmen and Spoon Turkmen are some of the sub-designs of Turkmen carpets.

Tree patterns: The basis of the design is in the role of Iranian carpet, branches and leaves. In the tree design, the resemblance to nature is more visible. In this type of design, large and small trees and shrubs can be seen. Types of tree designs: animal tree, tree It is a vegetable or water fountain, a bergamot tree, a survey tree and a potted tree.

Hunting patterns: In this type of carpet, like a tree design, the main role is the hunting ground. And has drawn the scene. Types of hunting grounds are tree hunting grounds, bergamot hunting grounds, frame hunting grounds, bergamot elastic hunting grounds and national hunting grounds.

Role in Persian carpet
Hunting ground in Persian carpet

Flower patterns: The pattern in this type of carpet is based on colorful multi-feathered flowers, flower pots and natural flowers, especially roses with very bright colors such as yellow, blue and red.

Vase patterns: The role of the vase can be seen in this type of pattern. There is a type that has a large vase over the carpet. There is another model in which several symmetrical vases can be seen on the carpet.

Tangled fish patterns: The tangled fish design is one of the sub-branches of tribal and nomadic designs. This type of pattern is also mental. It is mostly woven in Birjand. Among its types, we can mention Herat fish, Farahan and bee fish, Saneh or Kurdistan fish, small fish and mixed fish.

Tangled fish patterns: The tangled fish design is one of the sub-branches of tribal and nomadic designs. This type of pattern is also mental. It is mostly woven in Birjand. Among its types, we can mention Herat fish, Farahan and bee fish, Saneh or Kurdistan fish, small fish and mixed fish.

Geometric patterns: In this type of pattern, angled lines are used and the pattern is geometric. Important types in this type of role can be: frame geometry, bergamot geometry, forbidden geometry, elastic bergamot geometry or broken branch, simple floor geometry, error geometry, star or mosaic geometry, Khatam Shirazi geometry and welded geometry.

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