Carpet is one of the most important handicrafts and exports of Iran. In such a way that it is known as a symbol and in terms of quality, beauty and type of texture, it is approved by everyone in the world. It is also one of the most unique handmade products. This art has its roots in the past and history of even the Sassanids, Achaemenids and several hundred years BC. And this art is mentioned in old historical books.
Important historical handmade carpets of Iran
Pazyryk carpet:This carpet is 2500 years old and the size of this historical carpet is 210 by 183 centimeters. It also has about 3600 knots. Baharestan carpet: This carpet is very beautiful and is known as Bahar Khosrow. The reason for this naming goes back to its historical period which is the period of Khosrow Parviz. Safavid handmade rugs:Another of these unique rugs, which shows the art and creativity in this historical period. Toranj Manzar carpet is one of the most popular and beautiful Iranian carpets. This carpet is made of silk with a red background and beautiful designs.
Materials used in handmade carpets
There are many factors that make Iranian carpets famous and popular, including the materials used in them. This material is very good and its quality is excellent. Persian carpet is either made of cotton wool or woven from silk thread.
All kinds of handmade carpets
All-silk rugs: All-silk rugs are made of silk.
Silk flowers: In this type of carpet, its fringe and flowers use silk thread.
Silk floor carpet:The background of this type of carpet is silk.
Perch:This type of carpet is such that its background is composed of thick and thin fabric and has a pattern and flowers and fluffy plants.
Knitting a quality, beautiful and durable carpet is the result of knitting. It is a knot, thread or pile that sits together. The knot has names such as root, humiliation, twist, ilmah, etc. Also, the knot has features such as: knot diameter, knot arch, knot direction, knot color, etc. Also, in carpet weaving, the more or more knots there are, the better its quality is.
1- Turkish knot 2- Persian knot 3- Symmetrical knot 4- Asymmetric knot 5- Pair knot 6- Fake knot
Carpet weaving steps
1- Preparation of raw materials including yarn, wool yarn (cream), weft yarn. 2- Preparing devices and tools. 3- Preparing the desired map. 4- Weaving 5- The texture of the kilim, the beginning of the carpet. 6- Simple weaving at the beginning of the carpet, knotting on the threads with cream. 7- Map reading, performing knotting action based on the colored cells of the map. 8- Performing weaving operation (under or thick weft and thin or top weft) and weaving operation. 9- The head screw on the sides. 10- The act of pounding the ridges and cutting the extra heads. 11- Observing in preventing possible defects during weaving. 12- Bottom: Finishing the work of a woven carpet.
Tips for buying handmade carpets
To buy handmade carpets, you should pay attention to the following points: Type and number of knots: The type and number of knots is one of the important factors that should be considered. The more knots, the better. Handmade carpet material: eye or silk or a combination of both colors of fibers: The fibers used in the carpet should be dyed with natural colors. The sloping edge of the hand-woven carpet: This issue is due to the non-uniform distance between the warp yarns on the crooked yarn, the looseness of the warp yarns, the unequal distance between the warp yarns on the top and bottom, the throwing of thick fabric and more or less than usual The fabric is stretched thickly. Striped: Striped handmade rugs are caused by irregular pounding of fabrics, different raw materials, splitting of the fabric and direct sunlight on a part of the woven rug. Choice of design and plan: It can be said that the more patterned, painted and patterned the carpet is, the more complex and delicate the carpet will be.
Types of Iranian carpets
Iranian hand-woven carpets are divided into several general categories based on the location of the weave:
Central plateau carpets of Iran; (Qom, Kashan, Isfahan, Yazd and Kerman)
Zagros carpets; (Markazi, Hamedan, Lorestan, Ilam and Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari)
Nomadic carpets; Carpets (Lori and Bakhtiari, Shahsoon Qashqai and Afshari)
Sistani and Baluchi carpets
Carpets of Central Iran, carpets (Tehran, Tafresh, Taleghan and Semnan)
Carpets of northern Iran
Khorasan carpets and Mashhad carpets
Turkish carpets; (Provinces of West and East Azerbaijan, Ardabil, Zanjan)
Kurdish carpets; (Kurdistan, Kermanshah and West Azerbaijan)